Archaeologists create and deliver public benefit in many ways. Knowledge gain - research which advances our understanding of the past and contributes to knowledge - is the core purpose of archaeological work and is, itself, a public benefit. By engaging and sharing that knowledge, community strength and identity can be enhanced. There is also evidence that engaging with the historic environment can make a significant contribution to community well-being and promote social capital, leading to improvement in health, wealth and education.
Participation in archaeological or heritage projects can also bring benefits for individuals through learning and development and the ability to acquire new skills. These projects have the ability to engage diverse groups of people, from refugee groups to the homeless, young offenders and injured service personnel, offering new skills, confidence, the opportunity to become an active citizen and to connect with a shared human past.